Book Review: The Starfish and the Spider
There are two primary types of organizations: spiders and starfish. Spiders are centralized; when you cut off their head, they die. However starfish don't have heads; if you cut off one of their arms, the starfish survives and the arm can even turn into another starfish. Starfish are almost impossible to kill and so are starfish organizations.
The book gives a great example of how the Apache Native American tribe has survived for centuries because they are a starfish organization, unlike the Incas and Aztecs.
An interesting and easy read, I recommend The Starfish and the Spider: The Unstoppable Power of Leaderless Organizations.